Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics shows the persistence of the minority wage gap over time, with non-Hispanic Whites and Asians consistently out-earning Black and Hispanic workers. In 2019, those figures were:
$46,281 for Whites
$47,525 for Asians
$27,593 for Blacks
$23,289 for Hispanics
This means that wage gaps have not only remained in place over time but in fact have grown larger as the incomes for non-Hispanic Whites and Asians rose faster than those of their Black and Hispanic peers.
The wage gap is both a symptom and cause of racial inequities: the existence of the wage gap is sometimes attributed to factors like racial discrimination or disparate levels of educational quality and attainment, and differences in compensation in turn contributes to other examples of inequity like the racial wealth gap and disparities in homeownership by race.
Ironically, Some states with low incomes overall, like the Appalachian states of West Virginia, Kentucky, Arkansas, and Missouri, have smaller wage gaps because Whites are earning less. In contrast, a state like California has some of the highest wages of anywhere in the country; however, many of the highest-earning professions in fields like tech or finance have unusually high concentrations of White workers, whereas lower-income jobs tend to be filled more by Black and Hispanic workers.